Espionage, counter-espionage, propaganda operations and resistance networks: focus on these "conflicts in the shadows".
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The exhibition addresses the subject of secret wars for the first time, looking at their challenges, mechanisms and means as well as the men and women involved. Comparing reality and fiction, it invites you to learn about the history of espionage and counter-espionage, clandestine and subversive action, and intoxication and propaganda operations, in wartime and peacetime alike.
Although the aim is not to reveal the truth about famous espionage cases, the exhibition offers keys to help visitors sort truth from falsehood, using audiovisual archives and fictional film extracts. Opposing shadow and light, visible and invisible, transparency and opacity, it helps visitors understand the complex reality of information-gathering and clandestine action.
The period covered begins with the Second Empire, during which the first information-gathering institutions were put in place, and ends with the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991. The Second World War and the Cold War have an essential place in the exhibition. Although France is the main focal point, Great Britain, Germany, the United States and the Soviet Union are also represented.
This exhibition is organised with the support of the Directorate-General for External Security (DGSE), the Establishment of Communication and Audiovisual Production of Defence (ECPAD), and the Musée de l'Armée's loyal partner, the CIC.