At the beginning of the 15th century, the kingdom of France underwent a numberof major political upheavals.
In addition to the war with the English, a civil war broke out between the Armagnacs and the Burgundians in 1337. In military terms, the feudal model had reached its limits.
In 1415, at the Battle of Agincourt, the French knights were slaughtered by the archers of the King of England. This defeat led to the signing of the Treaty of Troyes in 1420. France now had two kings. At the same time, the brief and decisive actions of Joan of Arc signalled a return to a policy of agression.
King Charles VII carried out major military reforms. He created a professional army and a new army, the artillery, which enabled him to put an end to the Hundred Years’ War.
From 1494 onward, the military efforts of the French monarchy resulted in new conquests.
With the victory at Marignano, the reign of Francis I began in the best circumstances.
He solidified the image of the knight king, a warrior and victorious.
Tales of battle :
The battle of Agincourt, a bloody episode in the hundred years' war
The battle of Marignano: 13 and 14 September 1515
Thematic itinerary :
Birth of the modern state and development of artillery
Siege artillery: giants of iron and monsters of fire
A time of reform and experimentation
Emergence of the state: between modernity and tradition
Francis the first, the knight king